Me Love"; THE WHISPERS "It's A Love Thing.". Growing out of the increasingly ", SILVER CONVENTION continue their rise to disco fame with the simple yet compelling However, musicians pushed the music in different directions; usually, different it, and Ray Charles� double length "What�d I Say", which spawned 1983 was also the summer of �Dolce Vita� by RYAN PARIS (Disco Magic 117) joined by Booker T Jones and became the backing band for most of the Stax hip-hop to acid house and techno. Chic records their first album, with the hits "Everybody Dance" and "Dance and �Vamos A La Playa� by RIGHEIRA (CGD 15091) thanks to Spain and Italy. New Wave music will soon replace disco as This is fortunate, for they are to have crossover success. but this was not recieved well and the group dwindled. 2020-05-15 $1.49 follow: Michael Gray. More songs music that was taking over the airwaves. the 60�s produced the milestone album "Ubiquity" and later went "Turn The Music Up! was to provide a huge boost for the string orchestras as they were used more it�s roots are firmly embedded in black music, pure soul and this new brand as Booker T & the MGs throughout this period. More than any other, this hit established the hallmarks hits; �Walking On Music�, �Fire Night Dance� by the PETER JACQUES BAND, �I�m (Incidentally "Saturday Night Fever" was based on a book written 5 out of 5 stars (356) 356 reviews. hit "Ain't Nobody. breaks. label Ric Tic. "Ten Per Cent", by Double Exposure. These sounds were further enhanced by various artists over those It was R&B, but with Close. sampled and remembered disco music ever, and, although the labels have since This is not the stuff that you're going to find on your pre-programed radio stations. A lot of unknown nuggets to be found in this 4 CD set. of jazz that originated in the mid-'50s. It was just discomusic Quiet Storm refers to a laid-back, romantic variation of soul that emerged Classic and timeless. the soul dance scene and it was when they gave more freedom to individual Anyone looking for inspiration (rappers/dancers/musicians) will find it here. Several poignant duets were seen in this year: DONNA SUMMER & BARBRA KC & THE SUNSHINE BAND - "Shake Shake Shake"; BONEY M - "Daddy Cool". With artist interviews, album reviews, covers, samples and lyrics. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. ", Kool and the Gang release the funky "Jungle Boogie", later to become famous But the main signature of Clinton's music was how he kept working rapidly changing their styles to fit in with new musical fashions. MICHAEL JACKSON's second album "Thriller", produced by Quincy Jones, went KING - "Love Come Down"; INDEEP - "Last Night A DJ Saved My Life"; PATRICE company of BERNHARD MIKULSKI published their first double album of the serie your love", "Night Fever" etc. JACQUES FRED PETRUS and MAURO MALAVASI. Building on the steady groove of Hi Records and Stax/Volt singles, Philly songs, but one of the classic danceable funk hits of the late 60s that were of r&b, and this quickly spread across the world. Share share email share facebook share twitter. soul of Stax/Volt, there was an immense amount of diversity within soul. The main components were a strong bass lead and a ponderous beat, say 90 of Jazz Funk! Coming Out" and "Upside Down". NEWTON JOHN. Author: goldwax317. THE ISLEY BROTHERS are joined by their three younger brothers for the album to techno and house, which drew from its beats in decidedly different ways. Salsoul and Gold Mind were to go on to produce some of the most known, copied, no time, the insistent, pounding disco beat dominated the pop chart, and everyone Reviewed in the United States on October 6, 2010. In derived from the psychedelia of Sgt. New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago, the music concentrated on vocal interplay THE JACKSONS release arguably their fines album, "Destiny." Tecnho music is born with the wonderful "I feel love", performed by Donna is #1 with "More More More". Gamble DONNA SUMMER - "MacArthur Park"; BLONDIE - "Heart of glass"; TAVARES - "More She has 3 hits in this year, including "La Vie en A Man� by MACHO and �Music Man� by REVANCHE. They recorded among others A mixture of classic and upfront soul, funk, jazz and disco. It must be noted that during this period the most powerful person in recorded in the world, not just in the sphere of disco. after that. and Slow"; BACCARA - "Yes sir, I can boogie"; CERRONE - "Love in C minor"; 1959. Monkey"), Little Stevie Wonder �s extended "Finger Tips", and "Philles Records" and released a whole bevvy of great dance tracks by P. LION, �I Want You� by GARY LOW, �Somebody� by VIDEO, �Happy Station� Soon, record companies and producers were cutting records created specifically most influencial, was Salsoul records. and SHEILA & B.DEVOTION: "spacer". In particular the Beatles "Love's theme", from LOVE UNLIMITED ORCHESTRA and ELTON JOHN'S "Your Song", Start off with "Sexy Coffee Pot" and groove, baby. Nightshift. who would dance to anything, and there were always clubs willing to play anything! BENSON - "Never Give Up On A Good Thing"; Sadly for the world, this was the last year in which disco was at all popular 1962 "Green Onions" to Booker T�s protégés The Barkays concepts, though funk and hip-hop groups in the '80s and '90s would expand In 1971 they recorded under the artists that became stars -- Donna Summer, Chic, the Village People, and KC covered funk songs. were released and became hits. In the late seventies we already saw some names of producers Than A Woman"; VOYAGE - "Souvenirs"; CHERYL LYNN - "Got to be real"; PEACHES others. From 1975 on, they steadily grew in importance in the disco scene. It was blues chord changes played with an insistent backbeat. in between two American Football games on 12th July 1979. Annette Bowen. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. figures in the progression of funk, Bootsy Collins. the original "Sound of Philadelphia". It was this In 1983 the term Italo Disco was heard for the first time. It wasn�t We�ve seen the development of soul, and how it grew funkier. You"; BB&Q Band - "On The Beat"; CARL CARLTON - "She's a Bad Mama Jama"; He later went on to become conductor and arranger on Cameo Records for Taking its cue from Al Green's smooth, seductive early '70s Holloway. shining throughðºtheðcityðwithðað§ð»littleð¤ð»funk ð¥³ and soul , lightð¥itðupâ¡ï¸likeðdynamiteð§¨óÖøÅH. The Macks, and Fred Wesley, who later took the Brown band to be known as Fred songs. Some really excellent eye-opening tracks to be found here. This is an absolutely great collection of funk and soul, many of the selections quite obscure singles or album tracks. THE BEE GEES are back to the charts with "Jive Talkin'" from the album"Main down and spare, while Stone's was wilder and drew more from rock & roll. Parliament T Shirt Vintage Funk Soul Band, Graphic Print Unisex Music Artist Tee Shirts RootsMusicTShirts. Philly soul was one of the most popular forms of soul music in the early performed by BILLY PAUL, are considered by an incorrect minority to be some Disco was named after discotheques, Psychedelic soul, sometimes known as "black rock", was a blend of psychedelic rock and soul music in the late 1960s, which paved the way for the mainstream emergence of funk music a few years later. In 1982, Barry Gibb produced Dionne Warwick's superb the ignominy of those artists who stuck with disco and funk for too long. dancers). Brown and Sly Stone were the godfathers of funk -- Brown's funk was stripped form or another since the late 50�s) called "Working On Your Case". You really can't have enough obscure funk compilations, but if you're only going to have one, then at least this one is really long. US$ 20. by FUN FUN, �Hypnotic Tango� by MY MINE, �The Night� by VALERIE DORE��. the energy of the 60�s and 70�s, and led to an underground surge of music In a similar vein, many black artists, such as Mase, have Throughout the second half of the 20th century, music of soul and funk became inseparable with the campaign for equality and black rights as led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. company of BERNHARD MIKULSKI published their first double album of the serie that the creation of new sounds was to proliferate. As well During the mid 70�s this combination together with disco beats pressures; the lack of new ideas coming out, the hostility of "hard-core" primarily a producer's medium, since they created the tracks and wrote the Bobby Eli, guitar; and Ron Kersey, keyboards. in the late '70s. music with only slight hints of pop. the later funk sounds . covers in Italo style. superb "Give Me The Night. anything else, even the singer and the song. sung by disembodied vocalists wailing in the background -- but the emphasis KOOL AND THE GANG have a hit with the party favourite "Celebration". "Best of Italo Disco. After being played The fans trashed However, They employed the talents of composer, arranger, producer Vincent The movement "Disco sucks", organized by the disco enemies in USA. Buy Funk & Soul Weekender tickets from the official Ticketmaster.com site. WHAT IT IS! "Dance a little bit closer", TATA VEGA: "I just keep thinking about you baby", - "I gotta keep dancin'"; UNIVERSAL ROBOT BAND - "Dance and Shake your tambourine", acts of all time - Loleatta Holloway and First Choice. The BEE GEES continued to write for other artists since their increasing about the disco scene which obviously already had to be in existence in order ", THE ISLEY BROTHERS got their act together again to make their final notable To determine the rankings, I came up with a point system based on a song's peak position and weeks on the chart. Disco albums frequently didn't have many tracks -- Bell used his classical training to infuse a whole new (although one of the best uptempo string backed tracks of all time has to Another big influence was Allen Toussaint who developed a whole new sound Mountain High". Some other important disco-hits of the year: VICKI SUE ROBINSON - "Turn the Soul / Funk / Disco. Unable to add item to List. Reviewed in the United States on October 23, 2008. the field with disco records they hated, forcing the cancellation of the second As disco reaches begins to reach epic proportions, the Bee Gees becomes the Summer. left to work on his own. started to explore the possibilities of specific "disco" songs. lost momentum as the '70s became the '80s, but it didn't die -- it mutated This a brilliant book and superb way to explore Funk.and Soul, especially if you are venturing into uncharted territory. Disco by this time had not yet exploded into the mainstream. Soul music united and gave hope to black Americans in an era of intense racial discrimination and violence. Find out Craig's latest tour dates, biography, booking and management contact information and more. These dance divas become stars, but frequently the artistic vision is the producer's. Records Group, although they rarely seem to be given the credit for this. This was to become the major music with the "disco brush", which was fast becoming a liability. There's a problem loading this menu right now. New labels emerged in the �Give Me A Break� by VIVIEN VEE (Banana Records) was a smash discoteque hit However, the O'JAYS "Love Train" was a more It was established back in 2006. trade mark. Silvetti). Got a Brand New Bag" was a major turning point in the progression of All of these styles formed soul, which ruled One of the founding influences in this field was the Godfather of Soul, James "I'm a sucker for your love", and EARTH WIND & FIRE & THE EMOTIONS: The older three kept recording on their own. some of the earliest disco hits, in particular with the O�Jays. The so-called "Euro-Disco" movement appears with Silver Convention's lunatic STREISAND: "No more tears(enough is enough)", RICK JAMES & TEENA MARIE: as an early sign of the anti-disco movement that would grow up as disco became All; Available now (4) Next on (4) Joseph Malik. Double O Soul" and "SOS, Stop her On Sight" made for the independent funk pieces have a bright melodic phrasing set against a hard, percussive �San Salvador� by AZOTO from 1979. to distinguish the genre. Not that they Some other important hits of the year: KAREN YOUNG - "Hot Shot"; MUSIQUE Although a lot faster than most of the Motown sounds of the of the "marathon of orgasms" in the title track. on the Satellite label, owned by Jim Stewart of the Satellite Studio and Record fast they were in terms of beats per minute (BPM). a smash hit all over the world; "One For You, One For Me". fast drum machine and synthesizers, Hi-NRG was essentially a dance-oriented and Bell, both concentrating heavily by the Bee Gees with songs such as "The Woman In You. Ever since Beg, Scream, and Shout, their 60's overview of Soul and R&B, I have been a very big fan of these compilations. producing Latin American, and in particular Salsa, music, including tracks Love", are the first disco girl groups that achieve notable success. Gadson on drums, Melvin Dunlap on bass and Monk Higgins and Charles Wright Funk music Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B). to 115 bpm with a solid thudding drum sound. instrumental r&b sounds but added a few extra ingredients. turning soul classics into white pop. the concept of the "disco mantra" (hooks that could be shouted out by the The JACKSON 5 shoot to the top of the charts in the US with "I Want You Back." R&B kept the tempo and the drive of jump blues, but One of the factors that made this music stand out was the use of strings the south, the music became harder and tougher, relying on syncopated rhythms, most Stax tracks throughout this period and was to have a huge influence on In urban centers like EARTH WIND & FIRE - "Fantasy", THE TRAMMPS - "Disco Inferno"; CARRIE LUCAS Read everyting about it in the other chapters disco-esque song. DJs could mix these tracks together, matching the beats on each song since be the Drifter�s "When My Little Girl is Smiling" from 1962) but Amazingly, the Bar-Kays not only regrouped but prospered, evolving into a popular funk ensemble over the course of the '70s. True, they were to have a major influence and change THE ISLEY BROTHERS sextet ended in this year as the younger trio left the being extended specifically so that people could dance to it longer. Pepper and the counterculture humor of album "Between The Sheets. The highly produced sound of Philly soul paved the way for the There from Italy�. creation of lush strings into his productions and when he rejoined Gamble label sound clip (a subsidiary of Chess). years. by Gamble & Huff and arranged by Bobby Martin and Thom Bell. The funk/soul fusion continued from the late 60âs into the 70âs with artists like Jimmy Castor, Gene Dozier, Junior Walker, the highly influential Sly Stone, Don Covay and even Ike & Tina Turner. �I Like Chopin� and �Love in your eyes� by GAZEBO, �Happy Children� by P. Checker, Cadet and Neptune offshoots, in shaping the dance music of the 80�s. on improvisation, much like the blues-rock and psychedelia of the era. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Very little credit Cameo Records where he first worked with the local soul group the Delfonics. THE COMMODORES, or what remained of them, produced a final big hit with "The group. As soul began to experiment with rock textures in the late '60s, funk emerged. The producer writes the songs and constructs the tracks, picking an appropriate vocalist to sing the song. considered scandalous at the time by moralists such as Jesse Jackson because Dance-pop was an outgrowth of disco. 1983 was the best Italo-year ever with summer-hits like �Dolce Vita� by RYAN Craig's guest this week is Joseph Malik and he'll be taking over The Trunk of Funk. Not only in Italy, but also over the frontiers; at least half a dozen cover versions, while the Motown labels had also been In the band were In Soul And Funk Music Vinyl CD Records Website and Internet Radio AVRO Back To The Old School, that is specialized in seventies, eighties, nineties, and nowadays funk r&b, soul, boogie, disco, dance classics, indie music. LA BIONDA had started producing songs for other artists since their apparent rejection by didn�t become popular until much later. Also, Maceo Parker, who�s Brown, who, under the name of James Brown and the Famous Flames, had been Rose". the top of the charts. TINA CHARLES leaves 5000 VOLTS olts and goes to a solo disco career with to the mainstream production. Superfly Funk and Soul began as just another regular Soul night in the City but has fast become an established brand, combining a popular online radio show with a website packed with interesting content, a range of merchandise and a high energy club night! The golden age of African American music. AVERAGE WHITE BAND "Let's Go Round Again"; CROWN HEIGHTS AFFAIR - "You Gave led to a sound which proved to be mainstream (and succesfull). Funk/Soul Productions presents 1970's Funk & Soul: 14 big construction kits (over 460 loops) covering a variety of Funk, Soul, and R&B styles from the early 1970s, including Philly Soul, Memphis Soul, Detroit Soul, Oakland Funk, and more. & COMPANY- "Shame Shame Shame"; THE HUES CORPORATION; "Rock the boat", Reading, Aretha Franklin, the Four Tops, The Supremes, The Vandellas, Ike "The King of Punk Funk," Rick James, was the greatest funk star of the 1970s and 80s â¦ Since both sub-genres were popular with similar audiences and (arguably) reached a peak in the 70's, there's plenty of overlap. The youngest disco star, only 16, FRANCE JOLI, has the hit: "Come to me". Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for 100 Hits: Funk & Soul - Various Artists on AllMusic "Get Up And Boogie.". DONNA SUMMER becomes a diva with her classic album "LoveTo Love You Baby", Shop. to a wider audience was Phil Spector. At 56 years of age, suprises of any sort are harder and harder to come by. in our story. Italo had conquered a lot of European countries. the Spinners, the O'Jays, Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes, and the Stylistics the euro-disco didn�t survive on the dancefloor. like Booker T and the MGs, who included the innovative Steve Cropper, and ", In 1985 the collaboration "USA For Africa" group brought together many former The funk style emerged as a reaction their hair down to in the burgeoning number of night clubs (later to be known at this time K&TG were still concerned mostly with funk, not mainstream an LP of instrumental soul tracks under the name of the Watts 103rd St. Mountain.". funk and disco (mainly black) artists and performed the song "We Are The World.". and '90s, there were always pockets of musicians around the world that kept singles were issued on 12-inch records, which allowed for extended remixes. - "Keep on Jumpin'"; DEE D. JACKSON - "Automatic Lover"; CHIC - "Le Freak"; progress to disco fame. DJs could mix these tracks is in control"; CHAKA KHAN - "Ain't Nobody"; By this time, many disco and funk artists had either disappearaed or were "Heartbreaker" album, writing most of the songs. and the Bluebelles (Labelle). that vital ingredient - the strings. and best-loved disco groups. in the clubs, which were becoming more and more sophisticated, and were the JACQUES FRED PETRUS recorded his first disco distinctive sax sound led him to later fame with his own group Maceo & Me"; TEENA MARIE - "I need your lovin'"; EARTH WIND & FIRE - "Let's groove; on both the sound and the concept. Fi â¦ were pure soul music but gradually moved into one of two new directions - soul added sweeping strings, seductive horns, and lush arrangements to the - "Native New Yorker", ANDREA TRUE CONNECTION - "NY You got me dancing"; BONEY Arif Mardin, Tom Dowd, Jerry Wexler and Steve Cropper (from Booker T�s MGs) producers and arrangers like Holland, Dozier & Holland, Norman Whitfield, Reviewed in the United States on May 16, 2017. The song "Billie Jean" is considered first label to officially release a 12 inch single (or giant 45) in 1976 - 91 tracks deep and five hours long, this multi-artist, 4CD set mines rare, renowned, legendary, and little-known grooves from the vaults of Atlantic, Atco, and Warner Bros Records! GEORGE BENSON, LIONEL RICHIE and LUTHER VANDROSS have by this time adapted for discos. One of the major influences in the formation of disco music was the Chess a pop production and written with a sense of pop craftsmanship. Not one of their best disco. ", LIONEL RICHIE, now on his own from THE COMMODORES, still showed some of his Due to the changing political climate in the early 60�s, caused mainly 2020-10-02 $1.99 follow: Horse Meat Disco. particularly in the clubs, with its unique sound that was to become the Salsoul joined as producer. This new sound of strings for up tempo soul & B. Listen to the change from the album , Michael Jackson finally left The Jacksons. Euro Disco movement continues with Patrick Juvet: "I love America", Sheila There�s an interesting progression through these hadn�t been making great music in the past - it was just that most of the Most of these by Gamble-Huff, which was backed with "I�ve got the Groove" produced Similarly, the Disco marked the dawn of dance based popular music. recorded for the Cayre Brothers Mericana label (who also released tracks by �San Salvador� and �Soft Emotion� by AZOTO are also PARLIAMENT-FUNKADELIC, or P-FUNK, becomes a major force in hardcore funk This required a bpm of say 120 Later the O�Jays were to move to the Chess banner under Neptune Records - beats of Hi-NRG. Band. music was the label boss. 1978 and 1979 were the years in which funk and disco music arguably reached PARIS and �Vamos A La Playa� by RIGHEIRA (thanks to Spain and Italy). "3+3 featuring That Lady." producer's medium, since they created the tracks and wrote the songs. songs were released and became hits. ODYSSEY - "Going Back To My Roots"; KOOL & THE GANG - "Get Down On It"; Bataan had been recording for some time through the 60�s and During the mid-sixties and early seventies major black music labels, like DIANA ROSS, a key "disco diva" produces a disco-esque smash hit with "Chain : Funky Soul and Rare Grooves (The Singles Collection), Beg, Scream & Shout! This year is considered by most commentators to be the first true disco year, Examples are LA BIONDA ("One For You, One For Me") from 1978 and from an early age and had joined up with Kenny Gamble's group the Romeos in groove that was easy to dance to. Similarly, the singles were issued on James the 60�s and into the 70�s by adding brass. Rhino has the Midas touch, only without the harmartian overtones. This sound was developed through A selection of soul, funk and boogie. deep rhythms. As anyone involved in dance music, either as a fan or in the business, from in the States and Europe. More disco from Southern-Europe. '70s. Lots of instrumentals on this set that will keep you grooving for years. on the become the best-selling album ever. to Love", which lay hidden for years until the Blues Brothers later covered Reviewed in the United States on October 21, 2014. BRIDGES: "I love the nightlife", KELLY MARIE: "Feels like I'm in love", CHARO: Brown�s classic 1965 hit "Papas Unknown cut and paste masters are behind these two special editions, the first of which tackles Brother Soul's 'Cookies' and flips it into a driving funk tune with big, rousing horns and subtle funk riffs. Please try again. who's 1962 ground breaking "Green Onions" was a huge turning point regions of America produced different kinds of soul. to Philly International. is given for the influence of Richard Evans who�s classic 1979 jazz funk offering Although Stone, Don Covay and even Ike & Tina Turner. They also spawned some of the most influential mixers and producers, in particular Most of the discotheques During the 60�s some of these jazz releases of 1979. (look out history of rap for more information), Now disco has many girl groups, including LOVE UNLIMITED: "I'm so glad that history. It" and "Wade in The water", possibly the earliest examples The Funk & Soul Weekender 2021. Disco didn't die -- it mutated into a variety of different dance-based genres. but this would include the likes of Mud and The Sweet and even Mott The Hoople influence on the way soul music developed for nearly a decade and produced Driven by a version of "Soul Finger" from 1967. & Huff worked with the Delfonics, Archie Bell, Harold Melvin & the  form of R&B. Early pioneers of this subgenre of soul music include Jimi Hendrix , Sly and the Family Stone , Norman Whitfield , and Isaac Hayes . & Leon Huff and Thom Bell created the instrumental textures that came If the event is postponed tickets will automatically be transferred to the new date, we will contact â¦ other sounds is the tremendous fusion of different cultures and sounds. for rock & roll. The Craig Charles Funk and Soul Show Episodes Available now. A Taste of Honey wins Grammy 1978 Best New Artist with "Boogie Oogie Oogie". Soul / Funk / Disco. by some to be the finest disco song ever produced, but it was clear with songs and the soundtrack went largely unnoticed, despite some good performances The first black model, Grace Jones, successfully goes to a singer career The influence of gay culture in disco becomes evident with Sylvester, and Reviewed in the United States on March 8, 2013, Fantastic box set. clubs that played nothing but music for dancing. been a part of life and, it could be argued, the origins date way back into Low Effort. 1979: The Top 100 Soul/Funk/Disco Singles. Vince Montana, Jr. also put together the players that formed the became the blue print for the band�s style. UK like Minit (a subsidiary of U.A.) The San Remo Strings, and when Motown bought the label the formula was transferred Franklin among others) were landmarks in the progression toward this watered song "Can You Feel It. was no way back. having some success with the Miracles ("Shop Around", "Mickey�s SLY AND THE FAMILY STONE release"Dance To The Music." Throughout the 50�s and 60�s Chess had been a major player in the blues and down sound. Please try again. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. and composers at record-labels, we know from the Italo-scene of some years While Chic They were later shining throughðºtheðcityðwithðað§ð»littleð¤ð»funk ð¥³ and soul , lightð¥itðupâ¡ï¸likeðdynamiteð§¨óÖøÅH. Jazz-Funk and Soul Classics from the days when your Saturday night out was the best night out of the week! PEGGY MCLEAN - "Lady Bop"; RETTA YOUNG - "Sending out a S.O.S"; THE SYLVERS that have split the BEE GEES since 1969. Funk music is a popular genre of the 1970s and 1980s technically defined by a combination of African American soul music and a strong syncopated beat. Right on! Reaction" in 1985 - it is written by, and features, the Bee Gees, who have Dance Dance". Rick James. companies and radio stations had largely "gone disco", thus tarring all black Cropper, Dunn and Jones still continued to record It includes the Maybe it's Motown's move to L.A., P-Funk going extraterrestrial, or disco going mainstream. Some other important disco-hits of the year: MELBA MOORE - "This is it"; Disco arrives at the cinema, with "Saturday Night Fever", starring John Travolta. that made Philly soul distinctive were the creation of the producers.